The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

What initially regarded like a Dickinsonia fossil (left) decomposed and commenced to peel off the rock in a number of quick years (proper), an indication that it was one thing more moderen. Credit score: Gregory Retalak/Joe Mert

In 2020, amidst the primary lockdowns of the pandemic, a science convention scheduled for India by no means occurred.

However a gaggle of geologists who have been already on the positioning determined to profit from their time and visited the Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, a sequence of caves with historical cave artwork close to Bhopal, India. There, they found a fossil of Dickinsonia—a flat, lengthy, primitive animal by advanced fauna. It was the primary ever discovery of Dickinsonia in India.

The animal lived 550 million years in the past, and the invention seems to have settled as soon as and for all of the controversial age of the rocks that make up a lot of the Indian subcontinent. The invention caught the eye of The New York Occasions, Climate Channel, and The Journal nature In addition to many Indian newspapers.

Solely, because it seems, the “fossil” was a case of mistaken identification. The actual perpetrator? bees.

Researchers from the College of Florida traveled to the positioning final 12 months and found that the physique appeared to have noticeably light—unusual for a fossil. What’s extra, large bee nests inhabit the positioning, and the mark that scientists noticed in 2020 bears a hanging resemblance to the stays of those massive hives.

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

The caves close to Bhopal, India host prehistoric cave artwork. Since they don’t have any fossils, it’s tough to this point them. Credit score: Joseph Mert

“As quickly as I checked out it, I believed one thing wasn’t there,” stated Joseph Mert, a UF geology professor and skilled on the world’s geology. “The fossil was peeling off the rock.”

The sooner fossil was additionally mendacity nearly vertically alongside the partitions of the caves, which was inconsequential. As a substitute, says Mert, fossils on this space ought to solely be seen on the ground or ceiling of cave constructions.

Mert collaborated on the investigation with graduate college students Samuel Quavo, Ananya Singha and College of Rajasthan professor Manoj Pandit. They documented the organism’s fast decomposition and photographed comparable stays from close by hives. The workforce printed their findings on mistaken identification Jan. 19 within the journal Gondwana Analysiswhich beforehand printed a report on the serendipitous discovery of a Dickinsonia fossil.

Gregory Retalak, Professor Emeritus on the College of Oregon and lead creator of the e-book The unique paperHe says he and his co-authors agree with Mert’s discovering that the organism is de facto only a beehive. They’re submitting a remark in help of the brand new paper to the journal.

This type of self-correction is likely one of the primary tenets of the scientific methodology. However the fact is, admitting errors is tough for scientists to do, and it would not occur fairly often.

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

Giant beehives dot the positioning. Deserted and rotting, they briefly resemble Dickinsonia primitive fossils. Credit score: Joseph Mert

“It’s uncommon however essential for scientists to confess errors when new proof is found,” Retalak stated in an electronic mail.

revision Fossil document The age of the rocks is in dispute. Due to rock formation It doesn’t comprise fossils from a identified time interval, which may be tough to this point.

Mert says the proof nonetheless factors to the rocks being near a billion years outdated. His workforce used the radioactive decay of tiny crystals referred to as zircons to this point the rocks to that point interval. And the rock magnetic signature, which captures details about Earth’s magnetic subject when the rocks shaped, carefully matches signatures of formations courting again a billion years.

Different scientists have reported findings that help a youthful age. The time interval is important to understanding due to its implications for the event of life within the area and the way the Indian subcontinent was shaped.

“You may say, ‘Effectively, what is the huge deal in the event that they’re 550 million or a billion years outdated?'” “Effectively, there are a number of ramifications,” Mert stated. “One has to do with the traditional geography of the time, what was occurring to the continents, the place the continents have been positioned, and the way they have been grouped. And that was a interval when life was going via an enormous change, from quite simple fossils to extra advanced fossils.”

“So looking for out the traditional geography of that point is essential. And with the intention to know the traditional geography, now we have to know the age of the rocks,” he stated.

extra info:
Joseph G. Mert et al., Stinging Information: ‘Dickinsonia’ found in India’s higher Vindhyan is not definitely worth the hype, Gondwana Analysis (2023). DOI: 10.1016/

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