Global forest destruction slowed in 2021, but the vital climate goal of ending deforestation by 2030 will still be missing without urgent action, according to the evaluation.
The area devastated in 2021 regressed by 6.3% after progress in some countries, notably Indonesia. But nearly 7 million hectares were lost and the destruction of most tropical rainforests rich in carbon and biodiversity decreased by only 3%. CO . company2 Emissions from lost trees were equivalent to emissions from the entire European Union plus Japan.
Experts said global warming cannot be limited to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels without ending deforestation. At the United Nations Cop26 Climate Summit in Glasgow last year, 145 countries I vowed to end deforestation at the end of the contract. Deforestation and forest degradation cause about 10% of global carbon emissions.
However, based on current trends, Glasgow Leaders Declaration It would be “hollow” like the pledge states made in 2014 to end deforestation by 2020, the assessment authors said.
They said there has been little clarity or transparency of actions being taken to end deforestation, only 1% of the required funding has been made available, and most importantly a lack of political will.
“ [Glasgow declaration] It was a big moment, the first time such a leader-level target had been adopted by so many countries, covering 90% of the world’s forests.
But we are not on the right track. There has been some modest improvement, but even this may be temporary. Many countries jeopardize their progress by removing or rolling back protections. For example, Indonesia He did not renew the suspension of the use of palm oil After its expiration in September 2021 and the passing of a recently adopted law on job creation that poses a serious threat to natural forests.”
The largest area of destroyed forests in 2021 was in Brazil, where deforestation increased under President Jair Bolsonaro, after it fell under his predecessor Luis Inacio Lula da Silva. Scientists described the election race between the two men on October 30 as likely to happen Determine the fate of the Amazon. “The stakes are high,” Mattson said.
“We are moving quickly toward another round of hollow commitments and vanishing forests,” said David Gibbs, research associate with the World Resources Institute (WRI) Global Forest Watch.
Fran Price, from the World Wildlife Fund, said: “There is no path to achieving the 1.5°C target or reversing biodiversity loss without halting deforestation and conversion. It is time for bold leadership and bold solutions.”
Four of the top five countries with the largest areas of deforestation – Brazil, Bolivia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Paraguay increased the devastation in 2021.
However, the authors said, “extraordinary progress” in some countries showed that the 2030 target is still feasible. Indonesia, the only country to have reduced deforestation in each of the past five years, and its neighbor Malaysia, reduced forest destruction by about 25% in 2021. As a result, tropical Asia is the only region on track for complete deforestation by 2030.
A campaign to end deforestation of cocoa plantations in Ivory Coast and Ghana has helped reduce deforestation by 47% and 13%, respectively, while new national parks and measures to combat illegal logging have led to a 28% decrease in Gabon. Tropical Latin America, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia and Guatemala also reported reductions in deforestation in 2021.
“We have the data and we know what interventions are working — the missing ingredient is the political will to actually take these actions,” said Frances Seymour of the World Resources Institute.
The measures include government bans along with effective enforcement and cooperation with beef, soybean, timber and other commodity companies whose products are more closely related to deforestation, international trade measures and the promotion of land rights for indigenous and other local people.
The report’s authors said countries supporting the Glasgow Declaration pledged to quadruple annual funding to tackle deforestation, but no information was yet available on how those pledges would be met.
A quarter of the largest global companies in the agriculture sector have announced aggressive policies to eliminate deforestation from their supply chains, and only 20% of these companies are close to meeting their commitments.
the new Forest Declaration Evaluation Data on permanent tree cover loss around the world was used to establish a baseline from 2018-20. Reaching zero deforestation by 2030 would require a 10% reduction annually, which means that the current slowdown in deforestation is insufficient.
Forest cover has increased in some countries since 2000 but is less than the area lost. The authors said that the new forests could not compensate for the massive storage of carbon and biodiversity of existing natural forests.
sound protection Forests had more climate benefits than just carbon dioxide2 StoreThanks to their role in producing the cloud cover that cools the planet, Seymour said. “If we take non-carbon processes into account, they amplify the cooling effect of ending tropical forest loss by about 50%,” she said.
Michael Wolosin, in keep “The 50% cooling bonus should be included by forest countries in their calculations to get the recognition and funding they deserve for the services their forests provide to the world,” said International.