China has not invited world leaders to this year’s major Nature Summit, raising concerns that Beijing is downplaying the important Cop15 meeting in order not to embarrass Xi Jinping.
In December, governments will finalize a UN agreement to halt the destruction of the natural world at a summit organized by China but hosted by Canada. Because of Beijing’s no-coronavirus policy and after several delays, Cop15 was so Go to MontrealHeadquarters of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. It was supposed to take place in Kunming, Yunnan Province, in 2020.
This move means that China and Canada, who have a strained diplomatic relationship, must work together to organize the conference with the United Nations. In late September, the Chinese government sent invitations to Cop15 in its role as chair of the meeting, but it only addressed them to ministers and heads of NGOs.
This raises the possibility that world leaders will not attend the talks, where Biodiversity goals for the next decade It will be created.
Chinese President Xi is not expected to be at the summit and there are concerns that organizers are trying to downplay Cop15 to avoid highlighting his lack of attendance. Understandably, many world leaders have privately expressed their desire to attend.
“The implication of sending invitations only to ministers and not to world leaders is that the presidency somehow decided to give this policeman too little importance,” said Oscar Soria, campaign manager for the activist website Avaaz. China has stripped its global leadership. Leaders have to show the world that the highest level of international politics cares about ecological collapse.”
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who – along with others including French President Emmanuel Macron and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen – has been an active voice in highlighting the importance of achieving a Paris-style agreement for nature, still calling on presidents and prime ministers. to a side event. However, such a move raises the possibility of a clash with China.
Although the UN’s negotiations on the environment are largely technical, the presence of world leaders, activists and celebrities helps highlight the final agreement. About 90 heads of state The COP27 climate conference is expected in Egypt next month, while the COP26 climate conference in Glasgow is attended by Hollywood stars such as Leonardo DiCaprio, and CEOs of multinational companies.
“World leaders may have to invite themselves if they want to go to Cop15,” one source told the Guardian.
Elizabeth Maruma Merema, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, In the main climate news “Pressure from many quarters has been mounting on Canada and China to invite world leaders.”
Last week, informal discussions between 25 countries took place in Montreal as part of an effort to simplify the final draft text ahead of COP15, which negotiators say is currently too long and complicated. Divisions over financial targets, protected areas, biopiracy and implementation of agreements remain the main sticking points.
Countries in the global north generally want to see ambitious targets in the final agreement, paying a lot to protect 30% of land and sea, but the global south, including many biodiversity hotspots, want more money and guarantees about the commercialization of their resources.
At the United Nations General Assembly last month, Germany announced it was doubling its financial contribution to nature and increasing international funding for biodiversity to €1.5 billion (£1.3 billion) annually as part of its commitment to increase climate finance to €6 billion by the middle. of this contract. Other rich countries have yet to announce further financial commitments.
In an effort to break the deadlock over funding, a new 10-point plan, led by the United Kingdom and endorsed by the European Union, Colombia, Norway and Canada, was unveiled at a side event at the United Nations General Assembly in New York last month. It obliges rich countries to increase funding for nature and allocates a portion of climate funding to biodiversity. All signatories must also commit to fixing environmentally harmful subsidies.